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Peru, a land of diverse ecosystems and ancient cultures, is not only popular for the inca trail to Machupicchu and the wonderful jungle but also for its undoubtable contributions to the global development.

Therefore, Peru’s rich natural resources and centuries-old traditions have positioned it as a key player in many industries.

Join us on this innovative blog to answer the question what Peru is famous for

What is Peru famous for

1.- Quinoa: The Andean Superfood

Peru is recognized as the world’s largest producer of quinoa, often referred to this Andean cereal as the “golden grain”.

Quinoa is a nutritious and versatile grain that has been cultivated for thousands of years in the Andean region of South America. It is a complete protein, meaning that it contains all nine essential amino acids that the human body cannot produce on its own. Quinoa is also rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making it an excellent addition to a healthy diet.

You can see crops and taste local cuisine made from quinoa through our Inca Quarry Trail To Machu Picchu!

A plate of quinoa's salad about to be eaten

Nutritional Benefits

Quinoa serves a good source of:

  • Protein: Quinoa is a complete protein, containing all nine essential amino acids.
  • Fiber: Quinoa is high in fiber, which can help lower cholesterol levels and promote digestive health.
  • Vitamins and minerals: Quinoa is a good source of vitamins E, B2, B6, and iron, magnesium, and potassium.
  • Antioxidants: Quinoa contains antioxidants that can help protect the body against free radicals and inflammation.
A small salad of quinoa accompanied by other ingredients

Health Benefits

Eating quinoa regularly can provide numerous health benefits, including:

  • Improved heart health: The fiber and antioxidants in quinoa can help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  • Weight management: Quinoa is high in fiber and protein, which can help you feel full and satisfied, making it a great choice for those trying to lose weight or maintain weight loss.
  • Improved digestion: Quinoa is high in fiber, which can help promote digestive health and prevent constipation.
  • Anti-inflammatory effects: The antioxidants in quinoa may help reduce inflammation in the body, which can reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as arthritis and cancer.
A pot full of quinoa boiled grains

Preparation and Uses

Quinoa is a versatile grain that can be prepared in a variety of ways. Here are some common ways to prepare quinoa:

  • Rinse and soak: Rinse quinoa in cold water to remove the saponins, a natural coating that can give quinoa a bitter taste. Soak quinoa in water for 30 minutes to an hour before cooking.
  • Boil: Boil quinoa in water or broth for 15-20 minutes, or until the water is absorbed and the quinoa is tender.
  • Steam: Steam quinoa in a steamer basket for 10-15 minutes, or until the quinoa is tender and the water has been absorbed.
A plata of quinoa and mushrooms's salad

Quinoa is a versatile grain that can be used in a variety of dishes, such as:

  • Salads: Cook quinoa and let it cool, then toss it with your favorite salad ingredients, such as vegetables, nuts, and dressing.
  • Sides: Serve quinoa as a side dish, either plain or flavored with herbs and spices.
  • Main dishes: Use quinoa as a base for main dishes, such as quinoa bowls or quinoa and black bean chili.
  • Baking: Use quinoa flour to make gluten-free baked goods, such as bread, muffins, and cookies.

2.- Coffee: Peruvian Jungle’s Best

According to cup of excellence, Peru’s coffee plantations, situated at elevations, got improved the production of high-quality beans to contribute significantly to the global coffee market. As a result of efforts made by the national farmers, the Peruvian coffee beans are still winning several competences around the world.

Peru is famous for its coffee and if you love it as well as adventure, our Salkantay Glacier To The Phenomenal Jungle journey allows you to taste distinct flavors and aromas of coffee, reflecting Peru’s commitment to sustainable and organic farming practices.

A tree of coffee waiting to mature for it's fruit recollection

Coffee Production in Peru

Growing Conditionsin South America and the 12th largest in the world.

The country has a long history of coffee production, dating back to the 18th century when coffee was first introduced by Spanish colonizers.

Today, coffee is grown in the Andean region, particularly in the provinces of Cajamarca, Jaen, and San Ignacio.

Coffee Varieties

Peru is known for producing a variety of coffee beans, including Arabica and Robusta. The most popular coffee varieties in Peru are:

  • Arabica: Grown at high altitudes, Arabica beans are known for their mild and nuanced flavor.
  • Robusta: Grown at lower altitudes, Robusta beans have a bolder and more bitter flavor.
Different types of coffee beans are displayed in 6 buckets

Flavor Profile

Peru coffee is known for its distinct flavor profile, which is characterized by notes of chocolate, caramel, and fruit.

The flavor profile is influenced by the country’s unique geography and climate, which allows for a slow and even ripening of the coffee beans.

Growing Conditions

Peru’s coffee-growing regions are located in the Andean highlands, where the cool climate and rich soil provide ideal conditions for coffee production.

The country’s coffee beans are grown at high altitudes, which contributes to their unique flavor profile.

A plantation of mainly coffee, located amids the Amazon's rainforest

Popularity and Exports

Peru coffee is gaining popularity worldwide due to its unique flavor profile and high quality.

The country exports its coffee beans to countries such as the United States, Germany, and Japan.


3.- Pisco: A Taste of Peru in a Glass

Pisco, a grape brandy with deep historical roots, is the best sample of Peru’s viticultural expertise. Produced in the valleys of Ica and Arequipa, Pisco has gained international acclaim for its unique production methods and diverse grape varieties.

This spirited elixir has become a symbol of Peru’s rich winemaking traditions and is present in almost all the restaurants of adventure tours in Cusco.

Peru is well known for this national beverage!

A glass of pisco sour, Peru's signature cocktail

History of Pisco Sour

Pisco sour has its roots in the 1920s in Lima, Peru, where it was created by an American bartender named Victor Morris.

The story goes that Morris was looking for a way to use up a surplus of pisco, a type of brandy made from grapes, and he experimented with different ingredients until he came up with the perfect combination.

The drink quickly gained popularity in Peru and has since become a national cocktail.

A bartender serves a pisco sour in a glass


Pisco sour is made with the following ingredients:

  • Pisco (a type of brandy made from grapes)
  • Lime juice
  • Egg white
  • Simple syrup (a sweetener made from sugar and water)
  • Angostura bitters
  • Ice
  • Club soda

The ingredients are shaken with ice and strained into a glass filled with ice. The drink is then topped with club soda and garnished with a lime wheel.

A table displaying all the required ingredients and objects necessary to elaborate a pisco's sour


Pisco sour has gained popularity not only in Peru but also around the world. It is a popular choice among bartenders and cocktail enthusiasts due to its unique flavor and versatility.

The drink can be served on its own or used as a base for other cocktails. Some of the reasons for the popularity of pisco sour include:

  • Unique flavor: Pisco sour has a distinct flavor that is both sweet and sour, making it a refreshing choice for those looking for something different.
  • Versatility: Pisco sour can be served on its own or used as a base for other cocktails, making it a popular choice among bartenders.
  • Rich history: The drink has a rich history and is deeply rooted in Peruvian culture, making it a popular choice among those looking for a drink with a story behind it.

Pisco sour is a unique and refreshing cocktail with a rich history and a growing popularity around the world. Whether you’re looking for a new drink to try or a base for your next cocktail

4.- Textiles: The best reflection of Tradition and Innovation

Peruvian textiles feature intricate patterns and colorful threads, are endless testaments to the country’s rich cultural heritage. In addition, the use of alpaca and vicuña fibers, sourced from the high Andean mountains and passes, adds a touch of luxury to these samples of traditional textiles. 

The successful Peruvian textile industry seamlessly blends tradition with modern design, creating unique pieces of art to wear around the world. So, if you are interested in it, do not waste time and ask for our Incas Weaver’s Route.

Traditional weaving techniques in Peruvian textiles

Peruvian textiles are renowned for their exceptional craftsmanship and the use of traditional weaving techniques that have been passed down through generations.

One of the most iconic techniques used is backstrap weaving, which involves using The Billinghurst bridge illuminated by night, showcasing the entrance to Puerto Maldonado’s cityt. This technique allows for intricate designs and precise control over the tension of the threads.

Another notable weaving technique is pedal loom weaving, which was introduced during the colonial period.

This technique allows for faster production and larger textiles, making it ideal for creating blankets, rugs, and tapestries.

The combination of these traditional weaving techniques with modern innovations has resulted in a wide variety of textiles that showcase Peruvian artistry.

A lady knits while sitting

Types of Peru Textiles

Peru is home to a wide variety of textiles, each with its own unique style and design. Some of the most popular types of Peru textiles include:

  • Andean textiles: These textiles are made in the highlands of Peru and are characterized by their intricate designs and bright colors.
  • Coastal textiles: These textiles are made in the coastal regions of Peru and are known for their bold, geometric patterns.
  • Amazonian textiles: These textiles are made in the Amazon rainforest region of Peru and are characterized by their vibrant colors and intricate patterns.

Popularity of Peru Textiles

Peru textiles have gained popularity not only in Peru but also around the world. Here are some reasons why:

Unique designs: Peru textiles are known for their unique and intricate designs, which are often inspired by nature and Peruvian culture.

High quality: Peruvian textiles are renowned for their high quality, which is due in part to the use of traditional techniques and materials.

Cultural significance: Peru textiles are an important part of Peruvian culture and are often used to express cultural identity and tradition.

Versatility: Peru textiles can be used for a wide range of purposes, from clothing and accessories to home decor and art.


5.- Without a Doubt, Machu Picchu

Since its recognition as a wonder of the world, Machu Picchu has amazed millions of travelers with its beauty and peace.

Although its beauty is not only found in the archaeological complex, it can also be appreciated along the Inca Trail and the Short Inca Trail.

Even our hikes to Machu Picchu can make you fall in love with it, still wondering what Peru is famous for?

A picture of Machu Picchu during the dry season around noon.

Machu Picchu, located in the Cusco Region of Peru, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America. This ancient Inca citadel is known for its breathtaking scenery, well-preserved ruins, and rich history.

Here are some key reasons why Machu Picchu is so popular among travelers:

Rich History and Culture

Machu Picchu is an important archaeological site that provides insight into the history and culture of the Inca civilization. The site was built in the 15th century and was believed to be a sacred place for the Incas.

The citadel was abandoned before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and remained hidden for centuries, which has helped to preserve its original structure and artifacts.

A park ranger stares at Machu Picchu from the Guardian's House

Natural Beauty

The citadel is situated on a mountain ridge overlooking the Urubamba Valley, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

The lush green mountains, sparkling rivers, and picturesque villages make for a stunning backdrop.

Visitors can hike to the summit of Huayna Picchu, which offers panoramic views of the citadel and the surrounding landscape.

A set of touristic lodges by the Urubamba's river

Unique Architecture

The ruins of Machu Picchu feature unique and well-preserved Inca architecture, including terraces, temples, and bathhouses.

The most famous structure is the Intihuatana stone, which is believed to be a solar clock.

The citadel’s architecture is a testament to the advanced engineering and building skills of the Incas.

Machu Picchu's citadel lower portion being visitted by various tourists

Hiking and Adventure

The area surrounding Machu Picchu offers plenty of opportunities for hiking and adventure, including the famous Inca Trail, which leads to the Sun Gate and offers breathtaking views of the citadel.

Visitors can also explore the nearby village of Aguas Calientes, which offers a range of outdoor activities such as exploring the rainforest, or going to the hot springs.

A bridge that crosses the Urubamba River and also necessary for all the tourists that hike to Machu Picchu


Machu Picchu is easily accessible by train or bus from Cusco, making it a popular day trip or multi-day excursion.

Visitors can also take a guided tour of the citadel, which provides a deeper understanding of its history and significance.


6.- Tambopata: Peruvian Amazon’s Treasure

This wonderful jungle is known for its amazing variety of plants and animals such as colorful macaws, elusive jaguars and delicate ferns.

The Tambopata National Reserve, a special area to protect nature, is a cool spot for people who want to explore the boundless rainforest and see incredible wildlife. It’s not just a cool place to visit; it’s also helping to keep the Amazon safe and sound.

By the way, we have many tours to enjoy Tambopata!

Unparalleled Biodiversity

Tambopata is home to an incredible array of wildlife, including macaws, monkeys, jaguars, and tapirs.

The town’s proximity to the Tambopata National Reserve, a protected area that covers over 1.3 million acres, offers visitors the opportunity to explore the rainforest and spot these incredible creatures in their natural habitat.

A grasshopper stands still over a rock

Indigenous Culture

Tambopata is home to several indigenous communities, including the Tambopata River People, who have lived in the area for centuries.

Visitors can learn about their traditional practices and medicinal plants, and even participate in cultural workshops and tours.

A Peruvian jungle's inhabitant rows alone through the Amazon River


Tambopata is located just a few hours from the city of Puerto Maldonado, which has an international airport and a range of accommodations and tour operators.

This makes it easy for visitors to plan a trip to Tambopata, whether they are looking for a quick getaway or a longer, more immersive experience.

The Billinghurst's bridge showcases the road that takes any visitor to Puerto maldonado's city


ambopata is committed to eco-tourism, which means that visitors can explore the rainforest while also supporting local communities and conservation efforts.

Visitors can participate in sustainable activities such as birdwatching, hiking, and wildlife spotting, while also learning about the importance of protecting the rainforest and its inhabitants.


7.- Giant White Corn: A Culinary Delight

Did you know that the Peruvian giant white corn is known as “choclo” and was produced since incas time? 

Currently, it is a culinary ingredient cherished for its large, tender kernels. Perfect to answer the question, what Peru is famous for?

Widely used in traditional dishes such as Sara Lawa and drinks as Chicha, this corn variety showcases Peru’s agricultural diversity and adds a unique touch to its rich culinary tapestry.

Also, you can enjoy this traditional corn along the Inca Journey To Machu Picchu.

A lady holds a boiled white corn as it's usually eaten in Peru

History and Cultural Significance

Giant white corn has been a part of Peruvian culture for thousands of years, dating back to the time of the Inca Empire. It was a sacred crop, and the Incas believed that it held spiritual and medicinal properties.

Today, it remains an important part of Andean traditions and is often used in ceremonies and celebrations.

Various types of corn and tubers displayed on a blanket

Nutritional Value

Giant white corn is not only rich in history and culture, but it’s also a nutritional powerhouse. It’s high in fiber, protein, and minerals like iron and zinc, making it a healthy and filling food. It’s also gluten-free, making it a great option for those with dietary restrictions.

Many corns piled up in disorder

Culinary Delights

Giant white corn is versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes, from soups and stews to corn pudding and tamales.

It’s also a popular ingredient in Peruvian cuisine, where it’s used to make dishes like “chupe de maíz” (corn soup) and “pachamanca” (a traditional Andean barbecue).


8.- Potatoes: Paradise of tubers

Peru is known for its rich culinary heritage, and one of the country’s most beloved and iconic ingredients is the potato.

For centuries, potatoes have been a staple crop in Peruvian cuisine, and their popularity has only continued to grow in recent years.

Get the Small Cusco Over The Mountains To Machu Picchu tour to appreciate potato plantations that make Peru famous!

Varieties of potatoes are shown on a tapestry

Diversity of Varieties

Peru is home to over 3,000 varieties of potatoes, each with its own unique flavor, texture, and color. From the small, round “caraotas” of the Andean highlands to the long, thin “papas” of the coastal regions, the diversity of potatoes in Peru is unmatched.

This diversity is a reflection of the country’s rich cultural heritage and the importance of the potato in Peruvian cuisine.

Many "papas rellenas" are about to be served in a dish as the chef finishes the preparation

Culinary Innovation

Peruvian cuisine is known for its creativity and innovation, and the potato is no exception. Chefs in Peru have developed a wide range of dishes that showcase the versatility and flavor of the potato.


9.- The First Country to Reject Spanish Rule

Peru, a country with a rich and diverse history, has always been known for its strong sense of independence and resistance to foreign rule.

In fact, Peru was the first country in South America to reject Spanish rule, paving the way for the independence of other countries in the region.

A statue of the famous conquistador, Francisco Pizarro

The Arrival of the Spanish and the Beginning of Resistance

In the early 16th century, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru with the intention of conquering the Inca Empire. The Incas, who had built a vast and powerful empire, were caught off guard by the Spanish invasion and were quickly overpowered.

However, the Spanish soon realized that the Incas were not willing to accept their rule and were determined to fight back.

A drawing that depicts the one of the first encounters between originary american communities and the recently arrived Spanish expeditions

The First Uprising

The first uprising against Spanish rule took place in 1536, led by the Inca emperor Atahualpa.

Atahualpa had been imprisoned by the Spanish and was offered freedom in exchange for converting to Christianity and recognizing Spanish rule.

However, he refused and instead called for a rebellion against the Spanish. Although the rebellion was unsuccessful, it marked the beginning of a long and bloody struggle for independence.

An impression that pictures the town of Tinta

The Leadership of Tupac Amaru

In the late 18th century, a new leader emerged in the fight for independence: Tupac Amaru II. Tupac Amaru was a direct descendant of the Inca emperor Atahualpa and was determined to lead his people to freedom. He organized a series of uprisings against the Spanish, using guerrilla tactics and gaining support from other indigenous groups. Although Tupac Amaru was eventually captured and executed by the Spanish, his leadership and bravery inspired a new generation of independence fighters.

An illustration that depicts the face of the famous Peruvian rebel, Tupac Amaru the Second

10.- Vicuña Fiber: The “Gold of the Andes”

Vicuña, a rare and protected Andean camelid, produces some of the finest and most luxurious fibers world widely.

Peruvian artisans delicately harvest and weave vicuña fiber into exquisite textiles, positioning Peru as a producer of one of the world’s most exclusive materials.

This artisanal craft not only preserves traditional techniques but also promotes sustainable practices such as Incas Weaver’s Route.


Rarity and exclusivity

  • Limited availability: Vicuñas are found only in the Andean highlands, where they roam freely in small herds. Their populations are declining due to habitat loss, poaching, and other environmental factors, making their fiber even more precious and rare.
  • Harvesting challenges: Vicuña fiber is extracted from the animal’s fleece, which is a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. Only a few skilled artisans in Peru and Chile are trained to harvest vicuña fiber sustainably and ethically.
A couple of domesticated vicunas

Exceptional quality

  • Softness and warmth: Vicuña fiber is renowned for its softness, warmth, and lightweight feel, making it an ideal material for luxury clothing, accessories, and home textiles.
  • Durability: Vicuña fiber is highly resistant to wear and tear, and it can last for generations with proper care.
  • Natural temperature regulation: Vicuña fiber has natural temperature regulation properties, keeping the wearer warm in cold temperatures and cool in hot temperatures.
Three vicunas walk together over some grass

Sustainability and ethical sourcing

  • Ethical harvesting: Vicuña fiber is harvested sustainably and ethically, ensuring the well-being of the animals and the livelihoods of the communities that depend on them.
  • Low environmental impact: Vicuña fiber is a natural, biodegradable, and renewable resource, with a low environmental impact compared to synthetic materials.
  • Supporting local communities: The vicuña fiber industry provides income and preserves the cultural heritage of Andean communities, supporting their traditional way of life.
A domesticated vicuna grazes around a worked field of crops

Find Out what Peru is Famous for!

Peru’s global reputation spreads beyond its stunning landscapes and the question “what peru is famous for” is answered from the Andean Trail to the Jungle.

Due to Peru’s diverse offerings enrich international markets across agriculture, mining, and artisanal craftsmanship, the nation supports a rich variety of resources, positioning itself on the global stage.

Finally, the legacy of Peru as a provider of high-quality, sustainable, and culturally significant products continues to captivate the world and you can explore this extraordinary country with us.

Contact us right now to get a journey to discover Peru’s treasures.